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Inovio revenue beats views

May 11, 2017

Inovio Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ:INO) today reported financial results for the quarter ended March 31, 2017.

Total revenue was $10.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017, compared to $8.1 million for the same period in 2016. Total operating expenses were $32.3 million compared to $23.6 million.

The net loss attributable to common stockholders for the quarter ended March 31, 2017, was $23.1 million, or $0.31 per share, compared to $8.0 million, or $0.11 per share, for the quarter ended March 31, 2016.  The increase in net loss for the quarter resulted primarily from a higher non-cash accounting expense related to the change in fair value of the investment in our affiliated entity.


The increase in revenue was primarily due to the revenue recognized from the termination payment received from Roche during Q1 2017.

Operating Expenses

Research and development expenses for Q1 2017 were $24.5 million compared to $18.2 million for Q1 2016. The increase in R&D expenses was related to increased investment in all our product development programs. General and administrative expenses were $7.8 million for Q1 2017 versus $5.4 million for Q1 2016.  The increase in G&A expenses primarily related to an increase in non-cash stock based compensation.

Capital Resources

As of March 31, 2017, cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments were $89.7 million compared with $104.8 million as of December 31, 2016. At quarter end the company had 74.6 million shares outstanding and 84.1 million fully diluted.

Under a collaboration and license agreement established with ApolloBio Corporation in February, Inovio expects to receive up to $50 million in payments and an equity investment. Details of this agreement are discussed under Corporate Development below.

Inovio’s balance sheet and statement of operations are provided below. Form 10-Q providing the complete 2017 first quarter financial report can be found at:

Corporate Update

Clinical Development

VGX-3100: Cervical Pre-Cancer (Phase 3)

  • Subsequent to the quarter, Inovio submitted a complete response relating to the clinical hold imposed by the U.S. FDA regarding device-related questions and comments pertaining to its VGX-3100 phase 3 program. Inovio’s new CELLECTRA® 5PSP commercial delivery device has been the focus of a clinical hold since 4Q 2016. The FDA’s information request sought to confirm details on various parameters of this new fully automated device developed for the phase 3 clinical study and future commercial use. Inovio’s response involved the generation of extensive testing and validation data. If this complete response is deemed satisfactory by the FDA to lift the clinical hold, Inovio would be in a position to start the phase 3 study in the second quarter.
  • We have been preparing investigational sites for the phase 3 study and are prepared to enroll patients after the clinical hold is lifted and the study is initiated.

VGX-3100: Vulvar Pre-Cancer (Phase 2)

  • Subsequent to the quarter, Inovio commenced a randomized, open label phase 2 trial to evaluate the efficacy of VGX-3100 in 36 women with high-grade HPV-related pre-cancerous lesions of the vulva, or vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia, a disease with a high unmet medical need. The immunotherapy will be administered with Inovio’s CELLECTRA® intramuscular delivery device. The primary endpoint of the study is histologic clearance of high-grade lesions and virologic clearance of the HPV virus in vulvar tissue samples. The study will also evaluate safety and tolerability.

MEDI0457: HPV-Related Head & Neck Cancer (Phase 1/2)

  • MedImmune, AstraZeneca’s global biologics research and development arm, will start a combination trial with MEDI0457, an immunotherapy designed to generate antigen specific killer T-cell responses targeting HPV-related tumors, and MedImmune’s recently approved PDL-1 checkpoint inhibitor, durvalumab. MEDI0457, previously known as INO-3112, was developed by Inovio and licensed to MedImmune in 2015. In the second quarter, we expect enrollment to begin of patients with metastatic HPV-related squamous cell carcinoma of the head & neck with persistent or recurrent disease after chemotherapy treatment. The open-label study is designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the combination therapy in approximately 50 subjects at multiple U.S. sites. The primary endpoints of the study are safety and tumor regression. The study will also evaluate immunological impact, progression-free survival and overall survival.

Infectious Disease Studies

  • Completed enrollment of 90 patients in phase 1 study of hepatitis B DNA immunotherapy, INO-1800, and expect to report preliminary immune response data in 2H 2017. The study has completed interim safety reviews with a favorable safety profile.
  • Reported that in our first 40-subject phase 1 study of GLS-5700 (Zika-001) high levels of binding antibodies were measured in 100% (39 of 39) of evaluated subjects after three doses. The vaccine was safe and well-tolerated. We also expect that our second phase 1 Zika vaccine study of GLS-5700 (ZIKA-002), which is being conducted in Puerto Rico, will fully enroll 160 subjects in 2Q. In this randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial, 80 subjects will receive vaccine and 80 subjects will receive placebo. The study is evaluating the safety, tolerability and immunogenicity of GLS-5700 administered with Inovio’s CELLECTRA®-3P intradermal device. The study will also assess differences in Zika infection rates between the arms as an exploratory signal of vaccine efficacy.
  • Reported that our fully enrolled 75-subject phase 1 study of our MERS DNA vaccine GLS-5300 generated high levels of binding antibodies in 92% (57 of 62) of evaluated subjects after three vaccinations. The vaccine was safe and well-tolerated.
  • Preliminary results from the expanded stage of our phase 1 study, EBOV-001, demonstrated that 95% (170 of 179) of evaluable subjects generated an Ebola-specific antibody immune response, with the mean antibody titer comparable or superior to those reported from viral vector-based Ebola vaccines; and a favorable safety profile compared to such vaccines.

Corporate Development

  • Inovio entered into an immuno-oncology collaboration agreement with Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Inovio will conduct a phase 1/2 study against newly-diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) combining its INO-5401 T-cell activating immunotherapy encoding multiple antigens and INO-9012, an immune activator encoding IL-12, with Regeneron’s PD-1 checkpoint inhibitor, REGN2810. This 50-subject open-label trial will be conducted at multiple U.S. sites and will evaluate safety, tolerability, immunological impact, tumor regression, progression-free survival and overall survival. Inovio expects to begin enrollment in the second half of the year.
  • Under a collaboration and license agreement established with ApolloBio Corporation in February, ApolloBio is awaiting approval of the agreement by Chinese regulatory authorities. Upon receiving regulatory approval, ApolloBio will pay Inovio a $3 million signing fee and a $12 million milestone tied to the lifting of the VGX-3100 phase 3 clinical hold by the FDA. Under a separate equity agreement, ApolloBio will invest in Inovio common stock subsequent to lifting of the clinical hold at a volume weighted average price encompassing a trading period prior to and following the lifting of the clinical hold. The aggregate investment, which is expected to be completed in the first half of 2017, will not exceed $35 million and may be a lower amount such that ApolloBio will not be the largest shareholder in Inovio. ApolloBio will fund all clinical development costs within the licensed territory (Greater China), and will pay Inovio up to $20 million based upon the achievement of certain regulatory milestones in the US and China, and tiered double digit royalties on net sales of VGX-3100. The agreements are subject to People’s Republic of China (PRC) corporate and regulatory approvals, and payments are subject to PRC currency approvals.
  • Inovio academic and industry collaborators received a multi-year $6.95 million grant from the NIH’s National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases to develop a single or combination therapy using Inovio’s PENNVAX®-GP and a PD-1 checkpoint inhibitor with the goal of attaining long-term HIV remission in the absence of antiviral drugs.


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