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Sunlight UV dose negatively related to percent positive of SARS-CoV-2, other coronaviruses

August 30, 2020

LiweiTanga1MinLiubc1BingyuRendZongtingWuefXunciYudChenPengcJingTianab

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.141816

PDF: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969720352153/pdfft?md5=91c14fd3ab8355b362c9d8b6fa5a170d&pid=1-s2.0-S0048969720352153-main.pdf

Highlights

Significant negative correlation was found between sunlight UV dose and percent positive of four common HCoV in the U.S.•

Percent positive of SARS-CoV-2 in census regions 1 and 2 of U.S. showed significant negative correlation with sunlight UV.•

Negative association between the sunlight UV dose and the COVID-19 early transmission in the U.S. was further indicate.

Abstract

Human coronaviruses are RNA viruses that are sensitive to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Sunlight contains UVA (320–400 nm), UVB (260–320 nm) and UVC (200–260 nm) action spectra. UVC can inactivate coronaviruses, including severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). The incidence and mortality of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are considered to be correlated with vitamin D levels. Vitamin D synthesis in human skin is closely related to exposure to UVB radiation. Therefore, the incidence and mortality of COVID-19 are also considered to be correlated with Vitamin D levels. In this study, Spearman and Kendall rank correlation analysis tests were used to analyze the correlation between the average percent positive of five human coronaviruses (SARS-CoV-2, CoVHKU1, CoVNL63, CoVOC43, and CoV229E) in the U.S. and the corresponding sunlight UV radiation dose The results indicated that the monthly average percent positive of four common coronaviruses was significantly negatively correlated with the sunlight UV radiation dose. The weekly percent positive of SARS-CoV-2 during April 17, 2020 to July 10, 2020 showed a significant negative correlation with the sunlight UV radiation dose in census regions 1 and 2 of the U.S. while no statistical significance in the other regions. Additionally, sunlight UV radiation also showed some negative effects with respect to the early SARS-CoV-2 transmission.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969720353456?via%3Dihub

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